The idea of the application is to establish the BIOC Biogas Centre of Competence:
A Biogas Network as an interregional exchange of best technological pieces of research and practices and an internet based Biogas Network Portal.
All measures aim to support the economical development of Biogas investments in the candidate regions Thuringia, Carinthia, as well as in Western Norway and Caunas County (Lithuania).
BIC and the Fachhochschule Nordhausen have started a Biogas initiative called “Innovationsforum Netzwerk Biogas”. An already existing network of approximately 10 companies and SMEs, who do in the Biogas and Biomass business, supports the initiative. The mainly applied technologies in North-Thuringia focus on animal manures (e.g. “Güllevergasung”).
EAK accompanies an existing network of more than 10 Biogas investors and SMEs, who e.g. focus on crop residues like “Mais-Silage”. In Carinthia investors plan to realise several Biogas power plants in the next two years.
In both regions there is an increasing need for technical improvement and engineering refinement in order to streamline the economical effects of this business. Both regions have identified the Biogas industry as an important factor for sustainable power production, so they intend to initiate further joint industrial projects, especially forced by SMEs.
In the long run, the partners in Thuringia and Carinthia will try to transfer their Biogas know-how into other regions like Caunas County, Lithuania. A stronger co-operation with West-Norwegian partners and SMEs is intended.
Biogas is a mixture of Methane (CH4), Carbon Dioxide (CO2) and, depending on the feedstock used, trace gases such as Nitrogen, Ammonia (NH3), Sulfur Dioxide (SO2), Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) and Hydrogen. Biogas is produced when certain bacteria decompose biological matter in an anaerobic (no Oxygen is present) environment. This process is referred to as Anaerobic Digestion (AD). AD is a proven technology for effectively treating organic residues. The treatment of residues through AD has many benefits; it leads not only to a cleaner and healthier environment, but also produces a renewable energy source, Methane. Biogas, as well as renewable Biomass energy sources, is forecasted to have a significant and widespread market worldwide. The usage of Biogas will become more and more complex and sophisticated. Biogas technology requires the integration of different technologies from a broad range of sciences, ranging from biological, chemical and other technological knowledge and precise handling, that can only be covered by network-like structures and institutions.